William Scadlock 502
- Born: Sutton-In-The-Forest, Yorkshire, England 505
- Marriage (1): Elinor
- Died: Abt 1661, Saco, York Co., ME
Emigrant from Sutton in the Forest, Yorkshire, England to Saco, Maine: Banks, Charles Edward. Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England, 1620-1650 (Baltimore, 1957) p. 189 7 Sept. 1636: listed in the 'booke of rates for the minister' to pay 1 pound. This is the first list that would indicate the earliest settlers of Saco. p32 1637: in court with Morgan Howell p123
West Saco, Cape Porpus - had a house on the West side of Saco River adjacient to the Andrews land in 1638.
He was before the Saco court in 1636 for drunkenness, and in 1640 was fined for misdemeanor. No other adverse records appear in the court records.
1640: He was a witness for a Mr. Winter in his suit against Cleeve for slandering his wife some six years before. Tr.j. (???) 1640; gr.j. (???) 1653,1654, 1657, 1660.
1653: Saco Clerk of the Writs or town clerk. 1661: Wm. Phillips confirmed the 300 acre grant to him by Cape Porpus in 1653. 24 April 1661: a member of a jury to inquire into the death of Thomas Latimer of Wells. p108 Lists 242, 243ab, 244bc, 249(2), 252, 24 (??) Jan. 7, 1661/1662 Will, of Cape Porpus, names wife Elinor and 'our children',, p612
His personal property amounting to 100 pounds, and his real estate, which was of considerable value, he gave to his wife; to his children he made small bequests, as set forth in the following extracts: "I bequeath my bible unto my son William. I bequeath unto my son John 3 yards of broadcloth, he upon that consideration to buy 3 yds. and a half of good kersey of 10s. per yard for a suit for my son Samuel, and silk and buttons unto both: I bequeath unto my daughter Rebecca my worsted stockings. I bequeath unto my son William my new hat, he buying Samuel another of 10 or 12s. price. I bequeath unto my daughter Susanna Mr. Cotton's work upon the new covenant of grace. I bequeath a book entitled Meat out of the Eater, to my son William; and to my son John I bequeath a book concerning Justifying Faith; and the the Practice of piety to Rebecca; and to my daughter Susanna a Suckling Calf called Trubb. I bequeath unto my daughter Sara one yard of Holland: and to the end that all things be performed according to my mind and will, I hereby make, consitute and appoint my loving wife Ellbor my executrix, and my son William executor, unto all which I set my hand and heart."p123-4
One of the earliest settlers in Maine, William is found at Saco in 1636. Saco is perhaps the oldest settlement in the state of Maine. While William Scadlock was a 'planter', this settlement consisted largely of fishermen and trappers or traders of pelts with the Indians. It was a rough place evidently, and he was before the court for drunkeness also in 1636. There were no more adverse appearances before the court, however, and he became somewhat of a town father, becoming the Clerk of Writs, or the Town Clerk in 1653. When he died his personal property was valued at approximately 100 pounds, and the real estate, which was considered of considerable value, was left to his wife Elinor. By 1830, when a history of Saco was written, the name Scadlock was extinct in that region, although a small falls on the Little River was still called Scadlock Falls. 502,503
Communication from john scadlock, 101600,1772
The next reference I have is from the Register of York Freemen Index 1680 to 1986.
Francis, son of John Scadlock, free 1703/4
Samuel, son of John Scadlock, Tanner, free 1703/4
Joseph, son of John Scadlock, Tanner, free 1705/6
John, cooper, son of Francis Scadlock, tanner, free 1764
John, whipmaker, son of John Scadlock, cooper, deceased, free 1797
Henry, whipmaker, son of John Scadlock, whipmaker, free 1830
John, whipmaker, son of John Scadlock, whipmaker, free 1834
Henry, of Layerthorpe, whipmaker, son of Henry Scadlock, whipmaker, free 28 July 1853.
Address for Scadlock researcher:
Mrs Imogene Jones
136 Harding Ave
The SCADADDLES newsletter is the publication of the James Scadlock and Eveline Nope Assocciation:
The Editor Gerald Allen address is
535 N. Harding Road
Saco, Maine was probably the oldest white settlement in the Province of Maine. The name is descriptive of the river outlet, interpreted from the Indian tongue as meaning "the outlet of the river." The Indians dwelling here were the Sokokis tribe. The early white settlements on both sides of the river were doubtless the first permanent settlements in Maine. They were first known as Winter Harbor, the name given to the basin now called Biddleford Pool.
In 1635-36, William Gorges, nephew of Sir Ferdinand Gorges, organized a justice system and opened a court which held sessions for two or three years. For several years it enjoyed a form of government which might originally have been a social compact or a voluntary combination for mutal safety and convenience. Richard Vines functioned as governor and Richard Bonython was his assistant.
Thirty pounds were raised in 1635 by way of a tax for the support of public worship, showing that there were 150 or more people in the settlement.
John Josselyn, in An Account of Two Voyages to New England, wrote of Saco by his visit of 1663 to 1671: "About eight or nine mile to the eastward of Cape Porpus is Winter Harbor, a noted place for Fishers, here they have many stages. Saco adjoins to this and both make one scattering Town of large extent, well stored with cattle , arable land and marshes and a saw mill."
In 1653 the settlements on both sides of the river organized as the town of Saco, and the town clerk of writs being William Scadlock. (Chadbourne, Ava Harriet, "Maine Place Names and the Peopling of Its Towns", Portland, ME, 1955)
Settlement in this area was attempted even before the Pilgrims at Plymouth, at the same time as the settlement at Jamestown. A colony was attempted at the mouth of the Kennebec in 1608, but was abandoned and all the colonists returned to England. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, a conspicuous member of the Plymouth colony, commissioned a party led by Richard Vines in 1616 to explore this region with a view to forming a settlement. Although the dates are unclear in Folsom, approximately the same time as the Pilgrims went to Plymouth, a settlement was formed at Winter Harbor. Over the decade of 1620, a number of patents were granted from the original grant to Sir Gorges, the primary on being to Richard Vines, who, on June 25, 1630, took legal possession of the land granted him with John Oldham on the southwest side of the Saco River. The name Saco was used at that period to indicate settlements on both sides of the river. Immigrants arrived to take possession of property in the early years of 1630, but the earliest list of names of any type occurr in the list of rates to be paid for the support of the minister, in 1636. William Scadlock is on that list (see above note). pp20-30
In the 1830 History of Saco and Biddeford, it is noted that the name of Scadlock was by then extinct in that region, but that a certain falls on the Little river were then still called Scadlock Falls. p124
• Occupation. Planter
William married Elinor. (Elinor was born circa 1615 and died after 1671.)